The Canyons Of The Yellowstone: 1996 -2000 Museum Of The Rockies Research
Publication Type:Conference Paper
A long term contract archaeological research program for the National Park Service through the Museum of the Rockies began on the Yellowstone River in Yellowstone National Park in 1996. This program has essentially completed the archaeological inventory of the river from Gardener, MT through the Black Canyon to above Tower Falls in the Grand Canyon and downstream from Yellowstone Lake through Hayden Valley to the Grand Canyon. Sites are particularly numerous in the Black Canyon and Hayden Valley. Test excavations have been carried out at a number of sites threatened with erosion in the Black Canyon. Four sites tested in the lower terrace date back to McKean Complex (ca 4500 - 3000 yrs), with more recent and intensive occupations related to the Pelican Lake (ca. 3000 - 1600 yrs) and Uinta (ca. 1600 -800 yrs) phases followed by a minor late Shoshonian occupation ca 800 -500 years ago prior to the Little Ice Age, a time when there appears to have been limited cool/warm occupation in the Park.